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Pshenichnikov Vasiliy Sergeevich

1882  —  1957

Vasily Sergeevich Pshenichnikov was born in Moscow in 1882.
His father, Sergei Vasilyevich was a military man, participated in the war with Turkey in 1877-78.
Mother Valentina Aleksandrovna Pshenichnikova (née Sluchaeva) died of tuberculosis when Vasya was two years old. His upbringing was engaged in the maternal great-grandmother. Primary education received in the 2nd Moscow Cadet Corps. Then he graduated from the Odessa Junker School, having received the title of sub-gunner, he volunteered to go to war with Japan.
On July 18, 1904, he was seriously wounded at the Dolinsky Pass. The treatment took place in the Crimea, where he met the family of the artist I.P. Fedorov-Kerch and married his daughter Olga Ivanovna. The environment surrounding him at that time opened the way to art and gave the opportunity to enter as a volunteer at the Imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg.
At the Academy from 1909 to 1914 V.S. Pshenichnikov worked under the guidance of professors Ya.F. Tsionglinsky, V.V. Mate and N.S. Samokish. Since 1912, V.S. Pshenichnikov is a regular participant in exhibitions of the Society of Petersburg Artists.
Before the war with Germany, he was recalled to the army for rear positions. For military service was not suitable because of injury. At the end of the war and the beginning of the Revolution, he lived and served in the 48th reserve infantry regiment in the city of Orekhov in Ukraine, where he was selected to the post of regiment commissar. After the regiment was disbanded in 1918, VS. Pshenichnikov went to work at the local revolutionary committee, was the head of the department of public education and acted as a propagandist and actor of the local theater. In 1921 he lived in Zaporozhye, where he worked as head of the arts department in the local Gubpolitprosvet.
In 1922, the Pshenichnikov's family moved to Moscow. The artist becomes an employee of the "Working Newspaper". In the same year he joined the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (AHRR). All the time he was in leadership, participated in all the exhibitions of the Association. Including in exhibitions to the five-year and decade of the Red Army and the Navy (V, X, XV).
In 1934 he was elected a deputy to the Moscow District Council, where he worked from 1934 to 1939.
In 1934, he became a member of the Board of the Moscow Union of Soviet Artists (MOSSKh) and a member of the Audit Commission at the Central Art Fund.
• In the 20-30s – Pshenichnikov worked in graphics as an artist of a book and a poster. However, the military environment and study with Professor N.S. Samokish identified in his work the desire for a battle genre. The artist devoted most of his paintings to the reflection of the heroic pages of Soviet and Russian history. During the Great Patriotic War, he participated in the issue of posters "TASS Windows".
During the war, V.S. Pshenichnikov was many times sent as an artist to the forefront at Kaluga, Sevastopol, Kerch and Novorossiysk.

Vs Wheaten had awards:
- For the defense of Moscow;
- For valorous work;
- Anniversary of the 800th anniversary of Moscow.

He worked until 1953, when he became seriously ill, he had a heart attack. May 8, 1957 V.S. Pshenichnikov died. He was buried at the Vagankovskoye cemetery in Moscow.

The artist's works are in the State Tretyakov Gallery, the State Russian Museum, the Museum of Modern History (Museum of Revolution), the Central Museum of the Armed Forces, the State Historical Museum, the museums of Tashkent, Ashgabat, Ufa, Kaliningrad, Saratov, Simferopol and other cities in Russia and abroad.

See all placards in Sergo Grogoryan collection